The aim of this study is to check the effect among four key indicator of corporate governance (Board size, CEO duality, Board meeting and non executive directors) with three financial performance indicator proxies (ROA, ROE and Tobin’s Q) for the sample of 60 textile industries which are listed in Karachi Stock exchange of Pakistan and the Range of data between 2007 to 2016.
This paper examines effects of labor force mobility on human capital formation. After combining the results of five main directions of study, it concludes that the possibility to move to another place increases performance both in labor sender and receiver areas. Findings suggest that labor flow increases average human capital.
At present, the International North-South Transportation Corridor (abbreviated as INSTC) is greatly in academic discourse and international media limelight. This is for the fact on-the-ground activities relating to the corridor project, which connects Northern Europe with South-East Asia, are now moving forward in full swing. Azerbaijan, Iran, Russia and India are major participating states to this project. Azerbaijan due to its geo-strategic centrality in the supra-continent of Europe and Asia (Eurasia) and national economic competitiveness is emerging as a key nodal point along the INSTC. Its ‘Strategic Roadmap for Logistics & Trade Development’ is guiding the country’s transition from a traditional economy to an innovative, technology-rich and knowledge-based economy at the domestic front, and facilitating the establishment of passenger and goods connectivity with other countries at the international front.
This study is conducted with the aim to investigate the moderating role of gender on the interrelation of service quality dimensions and customer satisfaction and impact of customer satisfaction on customer loyalty in retail bank settings of Pakistan.
The range of statutory restrictions imposed on employment in oil and gas industry causes practical challenges for operational performance of oilfield companies in Azerbaijan. Majority of violations and penalties for employers turning up during the state labour inspections attributes to the lack of clarity and misunderstanding rather than intentional wrongdoing. It proves that a number of ambiguous provisions should be clarified and the gaps should be fixed by legislators in order to catch up with the rapid rhythm of developments. The article provides a comprehensive overview of local laws and complementing international standards and draws conclusions regarding the need of modernisation of labour legislation.
In these days the electronic marketing is a huge revolution in globalisation. During the last few years the most of the business cooperates are running by technological change. For enhanced marketing performance the use of technology like computer, mobile and tablet for online shop and e marketing. The retailers are changing their strategies to fulfil the online shoppers demand. They are trying to research of consumer’s behaviour or attitude toward online shopping. That’s why we are doing research on attitude/behaviour of online shoppers specially the factors which are influence the consumer’s attitude toward online shopping.
This study investigations the effect of exchange openness on wages .We have analysed the instance of Pakistan where exchange openness has positive effect on ostensible wages. We have utilized ARDL methodology of cointegration to direct this observational investigation. Other than exchange openness, there are some different variables which impact compensation which likewise influence compensation however are excluded in the study.
In the conditions of market economy the indicators of productivity play very important role for decision the questions about efficiency of subject’s activity. They are the basic categories and economic criteria at an estimation of intensity of development of economic relations, economy and squandering in use of resources. In this article the attention is paid to properties of productivity of agriculture branches, methodology of their calculation and is explained to the purpose of use.
The concept of sustainable development is a relatively new concept that has been introduced in order to overcome the shortcomings of previous models of development. Sustainable development seeks to establish a balance between the various dimensions of development: economic, environmental and social. Nevertheless, despite the high usage of the term, it is necessary to better
The advent of British Colonial rule in Nigeria transformed the traditional African society in a number of ways, some positive others negative. The initial policies adopted to integrate Nigerian into the British colonial system, however, proved a catalyst that triggered mass movement of people from rural to urban centers thereby creating as it were unexpected demographic dislocation. British development of communication and infrastructures such as railways and the network of road system was part of a deliberate policy to foster the growth of “legitimate trade” in the interior. The early imposition of tax regime in the Northern Protectorate induced people from the zone of taxation to migrate to tax free zones.