The advent of British Colonial rule in Nigeria transformed the traditional African society in a number of ways, some positive others negative. The initial policies adopted to integrate Nigerian into the British colonial system, however, proved a catalyst that triggered mass movement of people from rural to urban centers thereby creating as it were unexpected demographic dislocation. British development of communication and infrastructures such as railways and the network of road system was part of a deliberate policy to foster the growth of “legitimate trade” in the interior. The early imposition of tax regime in the Northern Protectorate induced people from the zone of taxation to migrate to tax free zones.
Soil and climatic conditions of Azerbaijan allow cultivation of apples, pears, grapes, pomegranate, plum, quince, peach, apricot, cherry and other fruits. The issues of increasing the production of pomegranate in country is researched in this article. In 2014, 153423 tons of pomegranate was produced in Azerbaijan. This is 2 times more compared to 2000. The importance of increase the production pomegranate is put forward by the author and proposals related to the solution of problems in this area are prepared.
The paper is further committed to an in-depth analysis of the genesis of hostility in Nigeria-Ghana relations beginning from the tail end of 1981 to late 1982 and; the eventual expulsion of Ghanaian migrant workers by the Nigerian Government in January 1983. The study employed the historical method of research and analysis. Data was generated through library research, oral interviews and participant observation method. Data obtained was critically analysed using a qualitative technique. It is expected that this paper will broaden our understanding of the volatile nature of relations between the two former British dependencies in contemporary times.
Specialization on regional level has been researched and the best structure is defined. It is noted that specialization plays important role in development of agriculture and efficient use of resources. Also, ensuring the level of specialization could provide the appropriate location of the processing industry.
This paper seeks to explore the trend in sustainability reporting practice in an emerging market. The study involves critical assessment of the current level of sustainability reporting disclosures. To achieve this, content analysis was used on data sourced from the corporate annual reports of selected listed companies quoted in Nigerian Stock Exchange. The analysis identifies the extent to which sustainability reporting has been in line with global best practices in disclosing the three sustainability reporting metrics (environmental, social and governance).
In the modern world, where food security has become one of the main challenges of society, profitability of agricultural production gains a specific importance. Thus the main objective of this study is to determine the most profitable structure of sown area in Azerbaijan through allocation of the sown area according to requirements of crops and the natural-climatic conditions of the regions. Taking these factors into account the profitability of current structure of sown area in Azerbaijan has been analyzed.
In the article, on the basis of the analysis of relevant data with statistical methods, the short, medium and long-term impact of the sharp increase in hydrocarbon production during short period of economic growth is investigated. The mechanism of the impact of the rapid increase in oil and gas production on economic growth rate depending on the particular oil boom parameters, such as scale, intensity and strength of influence is explained.
Azerbaijan has quite good conditions for agricultural improvement, we should appreciate the all possible chances. Agriculture only accounts for 5% of GDP but is important to reduce poverty, rural-urban migration and national food insecurity as 37 % of the country labour force is employed in agriculture. In this regard, agritourism may help rural population to increase their income. The current situation of tourism in Azerbaijan is analysed and recommendations for development of agritourism put forward in this article.
This paper examines the element of continuity in Nigeria’s pursuance of the principle of African centeredness of her foreign policy between 1960 and 1999.It notes that since the foundation of the principle was laid by Nigeria’s first and perhaps only Prime Minister, Alhaji Abubakar Tafawa Balewa in 1960, subsequent regimes, both military and civilian, have kept and respected this commitment. They have also poignantly made it an article of faith for the country’s foreign policy; though differences in strategy occurred from one regime to the other due largely to the idiosyncratic disposition of individual leader.
This article reveals character of business environment and its formation as a part of the system of economic relations. Also the impact of this factors on modern production and economy has been researched. In line with above mentioned systematization of the factors of public production is put forward as separate approach.